Civitavecchia (Rome), Italy
Rome is considered a living museum, with historic architecture, ancient ruins and renowned artworks spread across the city. Vatican City, the Pantheon, the Spanish Steps, the Trevi Fountain, St Peter’s Basilica and the Colosseum are some of the world’s most famous tourist attractions – and they’re all here. The food, the culture and the legendary hospitality of the people are just some of the other reasons to visit.
Set on Italy’s west coast, the Port of Civitavecchia is the maritime gateway to Rome. Civitavecchia was founded in the 2nd century by Emperor Trajan. In the 16th century Pope Julius II ordered a fort to be built in the port to defend from pirates. By request from the Pope, the fort was designed by Michelangelo.
These days the Port of Civitavecchia is one of the busiest in the Mediterranean, welcoming more than 2 million passengers every year.
The port is conveniently located about 2 kilometres from the downtown area, and buses run from the cruise terminal to central Civitavecchia.
- public telephones
- shuttle service within the port
- close to a deli and small market
- internet access just outside the port gates
How to Get Around
Most cruise lines offer a coach service to Rome. Private cars and taxis also operate between the port and the city, with fares starting at around €110 (A$160). The drive takes 90 to 120 minutes.
There is a train station 15 minutes’ walk from the port, which offers 2 to 3 trains to Rome every hour. They take around 60 minutes and fares start from €5 one-way in second class. High-speed (Frecciabianca) trains run on the hour and take around 45 minutes. Fares start from €9 one-way.
Rome is an excellent city to discover on foot, with most major attractions within walking distance of each other. The city also operates municipal buses and a subway system.
A taxi from the port to the airport will cost around €150 (A$215). It’s possible to travel by train, however you have to connect through Rome. Fares start from €11 (A$16) and travel time is 90 to 120 minutes.
- Currency - the currency is the Euro. Coins come in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent, and €1 and €2 denominations. Notes come in €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200 and €500 denominations.
- Time Zone - Rome uses Central European Time (CET), which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC). Central European Summer Time (CEST) is 2 hours ahead.
- Weather - Rome enjoys a Mediterranean climate, with hot summers and mild winters. Temperatures range from an average 26° Celsius in July and August to 8° Celsius in January and February. The driest months are June and July, with an average rainfall of 6 millimetres.
- Vatican City - across the Tiber River from Rome lies Vatican City, home to St Peter's Basilica and the Sistine Chapel. It's free to enter St Peter's but there is a small fee for climbing to the top. There is also a fee to enter the Vatican Museums, which include the Sistine Chapel. Visitors are subject to security checks and modest dress must be worn for entry into some areas.
- The Colosseum - an ancient stadium famous for bloody gladiator battles as far back as 80 AD, the Colosseum is Rome’s number 1 attraction. This magnificent structure is located across from the Roman Forum and Palatine Hill.
- The Pantheon - dating back to 27 BC, the Pantheon is considered the ancient world’s most complete monument. A shrine to the past, it still hosts concerts and other special events. After you’ve been inside, enjoy a coffee in the vibrant piazza.
- The Trevi Fountain - legend has it that if you want to return to Rome, you must throw a coin into the Trevi Fountain. Standing 26.3 metres tall and 49.15 metres wide, this grand fountain features beautiful sculptures and ornate carvings. It is the largest Baroque fountain in Rome, and among the most famous in the world.