Nuremberg is a large city in Bavaria, Germany, with a lot of history to explore. Famous for its handmade toys, gingerbread (called ‘lebkuchen’) and spectacular Christmas markets, the city also has a rich and dark past.
Considered to be the cultural centre of the Renaissance in Germany, Nuremberg is famous for its Renaissance artists and inventors, including printers, astronomers and watchmakers who made the world’s first pocket watches, called ‘Nürnberg eggs’. Numerous galleries, museums and stores allow visitors to step back in time and buy their own piece of Nuremberg invention.
This rich history of culture and invention prompted Adolph Hitler to choose Nuremberg as the stage for his Nazi party rallies. The city was also where Hitler’s infamous ‘Nuremberg Laws’, which prevented Jewish people from claiming German citizenship, were enacted. The ‘Nuremberg Trials’ after the war saw Nazi war criminals put before the War Crimes Tribunal. This dark chapter in Nuremberg’s history is recorded in monuments and museums throughout the city, yet Nuremberg has regained its vitality and reputation as a city of art and culture.
Cruise ships dock outside the city centre near the Rhine-Main-Danube Canal. Because of the port’s remote location near the Hafenstrasse Bridge, shuttles are provided to transport guests to and from the Nuremberg city centre. Public buses also leave from the Hafenstrasse Bridge.
Facilities near the port in Nuremberg include:
- Generous parking
- Tourist information centres
- Public toilets
- Restaurants and cafés
- Souvenir stores
- Bank and ATMs
- Medical centre and pharmacy
- Post office.
How To Get Around
The Old Town (Aldstadt) has very little public transport available; however, it is compact and easily navigated on foot. The castle district is the only attraction in the Old Town that requires more than a short walk. To travel to other parts of the city, find the ring road that circles the Old Town with its numerous bus stops and taxi ranks. Nuremberg’s subway system (the U-Bahn) is easy to use, has stops throughout the city and all its trains stop at the main railway station (the Hauptbahnhof). Most buses and trams also stop at the main railway station.
Travel times from the port:
- It is a 41 minute journey to the Hauptbahnhof
- It is a 32 minute journey from the Hauptbahnhof to the Old Town
- It is a 36 minute journey from the Hauptbahnhof to Nuremberg Castle.
- It is a 35 minute journey to Nuremberg Castle
- It is a 30 minute journey to Nuremberg Airport
- It is a 12 minute journey from the Hauptbahnhof to Nuremberg Castle.
- It is a 58 minute journey to Nuremberg Castle
- It is a 71 minute journey to Nuremberg Airport
- It is a 28 minute journey from the Hauptbahnhof to Nuremberg Castle.
Currency – The currency in Nuremberg is the Euro (€). Notes come in €5, €10, €20, €50, €100, €200, and €500 denominations. Coins come in 1, 2, 5, 10, 20 and 50 cent and €1 and €2 denominations.
Time Zone – Nuremberg follows Central European Time (CET), which is 1 hour ahead of Coordinated Universal Time (UTC); daylight savings changes Nuremberg to 2 hours ahead of UTC between March and October.
Weather – Nuremburg enjoys a fairly temperate oceanic climate, with relatively warm summers for Western Europe and winters which range from mild to cold. The city has no dry season. July is the hottest month in Nuremberg, with temperatures reaching an average high of 18.8 degrees Celsius. January is the coldest month, with an average high of only -0.9 degrees Celsius.
Nuremberg Castle – Towering over the city, this imperial castle was once an important fortification of the Roman Empire. Today, not all of the original buildings still stand, but there is much to explore. The five-cornered tower, built before 1050, is the oldest building in Nuremberg. The castle’s courtyards offer beautiful views over the old town. For an even better view, tourists can climb the round Sinwell tower (Sinwellturm) to reach an observation platform 385 metres high for a spectacular panoramic view of the city of Nuremberg.
Hangman’s Bridge – A wooden bridge, built in 1457, the Hangman’s Bridge sits beside a stone bridge across the Pegnitz River in Old Town. Hangman’s Bridge was home to the executioners of the 16th to 19th centuries. Executioners were considered un-Christian and were required to live away from the rest of society; if anyone was known to associate with an executioner, they were forbidden from attending church. The area around the bridge is an especially picturesque part of Old Town, with half-timbered houses and cobblestones reflected in the river.
Christmas Markets – Each year, between the 28th November and Christmas Eve, Nuremberg takes on a magical, fairy-tale appearance as thousands of strings of lights, ornaments and tinsel signal its time for the Christmas markets (Christkindlesmarkt). The ‘Hauptmarkt’, or central market square is packed with more than 180 decorated stalls selling mulled wine and Christmas ornaments, rum punch, gingerbread, toys and many different Christmas experiences.